Contribution of the Communist Party of Georgia

The Position of the Unified Communist Party of Georgia

The Central Committee of the Unified Communist Party of Georgia expresses gratitude to the Portuguese comrades for carrying out of so important meeting at a high organizational level.

Georgia experiences the hardest period of its history. Authorities of Georgia have utterly aggravated relations with the Russian Federation. More than one and a half million citizens of Georgia having found work in the Russian Federation for support of their families have appeared before real danger of deportation from this country. There is no hope for fast improvement of these relations, only. Tbilisi is going to decide the question of territorial integrity of Georgia by power and that will cause opposite consequences as follows: disorder of the country, reconciliation with brotherly Abkhazian and Ossetin peoples will be postponed, there will be a destabilization not only in Georgia, but in all Caucasian region.

The USA carries out its policy by hands of the puppet Georgian government. Complication of relations with the Russian Federation down to the actual termination of diplomatic relations and the next aggravation of the situation in disputed zones suit the transatlantic masters of the Georgian government.

In the beginning of September the Authority of Georgia has undertaken unprecedented political mass repressions. So-called special actions were carried in 49 settlements and as a result tens of persons, active workers of "Validity" party, Unified Communist Party, and other oppositional political parties were arrested. Hundreds of persons were detained and interrogated in conditions of the strongest moral and physical pressure with the purpose of getting of recognition in preparation of armed revolution. These people actively opposed all antinational internal and foreign policy of authorities. Their main fault was the requirement of improvement of a social status of workers and refusal of confrontational policy with Russia, refusal of intentions of the power decision of South Ossetia and Abkhazia questions. Thus the Authorities of Georgia have tried to stop more and more amplifying discontent of the population, to deprive the left opposition of support.

The Unified Communist Party of Georgia opposes intimacy of Georgia with NATO and strengthening of the USA influence in our region. Our Party is for restoration of friendly relations with Russia, for refusal of the further capitalization of the country, for immediate carrying out of measures on rescue of the population of Georgia from famine and lawlessness.

Our party sees an output only in immediate resignation of the President and the government of Georgia, dissolution of parliament and purpose of extraordinary elections.

The southern Caucasus region of is the zone of special interests for the USA and NATO. The main reason is significant power resources of the Caspian Sea and direct affinity with southern regions of Russia - with northern Caucasus. The whole world knows well about the USA support in Chechnia campaign and what has put Russia practically before threat of disintegration. The territory of Georgia has actively been used for destabilization of the situation not only in the Chechia Republic, but also on all the strip of northern Caucasus. All these oppositions between Tbilisi and Moscow including conflicts in Abkhazia and South Ossetia are only expression of scale opposition between Russia and the USA, Russia and NATO in this major region of the world. And as it always happens such destabilizations first influence on peoples of Georgia and Russia. We once again emphasize the main fault of all post Soviet Georgian authorities in kindling fratricidal wars on the territory of former Socialist Georgia and active support of the West in creations of the most dangerous difficulties for the Russian Federation in its southern regions. The Authorities of Georgia are doing their best to replace Russia from southern Caucasus with the subsequent fastening there the USA and NATO.

It is a very dangerous policy, considering all the set forth above factors together with crisis around of Iran, the nearby country to our region; the Azerbaijan-Armenian conflict and traditionally most complicated relations between the two more countries of this region - Armenia and Turkey, last of which is a member of NATO, and another, - the strategic partner of the Russian Federation. We are warning the Authorities of Georgia and at the same time all the world community that the policy of Tbilisi will lead to global crisis.
After disintegration of the USSR, the richest deposits of the Caspian Sea, which were property of all the peoples and promoted to development of economy of all the 15 union republics, today became the object of predatoriness of several largest western petrol corporations.

On July 13th of this year the official ceremony of Baku-Tbilisi-Jeihan oil pipeline was held in Turkey. The presidents of Turkey, Azerbaijan and Georgia, Prime Ministers, Ministers of Foreign Affairs and Energy of about 20 countries and also Lord John Brown, the general director of the Company British Petroleum, which is the operator of the project participated in that Ceremony. As Lord John Brown said: " Baku-Tbilisi-Jeihan oil pipeline will change the power world ". Baku-Tbilisi-Jeihan oil pipeline crosses 1 767 km, through Azerbaijan - 443 km, Georgia - 248 km and Turkey – 1 076 km. Throughput - 50 million tons of oil a year. Shareholders of the project are the companies entering in " BTC Co ". The shares are divided as follows: the BP (30,1 %) , the State Petrol Company of Azerbaijan (25 %), Chevron (Unocal) (8,9 %), Statoil (8,71 %), TPAO (6,53 %), Itochu (3,4 %), Amerada Hess (2,36 %), ENI (5 %), ConocoPhilliрs (2,5 %), Inрex (2,5 %), Total (5 %). On construction of an oil pipeline was spent almost 4 billion dollars.

As for large gaseous condensate deposits of the Caspian Sea, the West has taken care of it too.  The pipeline of Baku-Tbilisi-Erzrum (BТE) which is calculated on priming up to 30 billion cubic meter of gas a year is constructed and started into operation. "Azeri-Chirag-Guneshli" on the shelf of the Caspian Sea being developed by the Azerbaijan international operational company is used for filling of BТE pipeline. Pumping of natural gas in the highway from a deposit "Shah-Deniz" is to be started in the third quarter of the year 2006. The construction of the unique platform has managed the BP and to its partners under the project of " Shah-Deniz", in 1,3 billion dollars. As we see, the largest western companies participate in these projects. It is no wonder, that the political support rendered by the government of the USA to Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey in realization of projects is huge.

Except of the economic side of the projects of Southern Caucasus oil pipeline and a gas main, the great value is given to its political side. The Georgian Authorities especially declare about it loudly. At the opening of BТJ, the president of Georgia has declared, that " Georgia is no more the part of the post Soviet space. We are focused on the West, we are the important partner of the West, including Turkey ". And according to the Head of Association of Economic Safety of Georgia: " Protection of an oil pipeline interests the West and influences positively on safety of Georgia ". To his opinion, the political component of the given project prevails above the economic conditions of the contract signed by Georgia. It is more favorable for us and we agree with such estimation. Huge ecological danger, which the oil pipeline bears for the country is not commensurable with the promised dividends from its operation. But the main thing is that the pipelines became trumps for the authorities of Georgia in construction of hostile relations with Russia bearing even greater danger of political character.

The gas question in Georgia and a gas main of Baku-Tbilisi-Erzrum was the important statement of discussion as in the Caucasus and in Turkey, as wall at G-8 Summit in Petersburg. The main event having become important for a role of Russia in the CIS was the application made by the minister of Energy of Georgia on July 16th to journalists. It was told, that from 2007 Georgia will have the alternative to Russian source of gas, that at "Gazprom" (the Russian company, the basic supplier of gas to Georgia) will have the competitor in Georgia and it is very good and advantageous for our Country. Now each company will know, that Georgia has another supplier of gas”. In the other words, the only important thing is a relative independence of the gas main in carrying out of confrontational policy against the Russian Federation.

The administration of the USA actively lobbies delivery of Azerbaijan and the Central Asian gas to Europe aroundabout of Russia. And Georgia in turn hastens to prove the "need" to European Union in the question of power independence. It was decided to create transcaucasian pipeline for supplying West Europe with the gas from middle Asia and Kazakhstan through BTE pipeline. And in the end of June the Euro commission commissioner of power has signed the civil-engineering design of pipeline " Nabukko" with the Ministers of Energy of Bulgaria, Romania, Austria, Hungary and Turkey. According to the project the construction will start in Erzrum and come to the end in Southeast Europe. The European Union is very interested in diversification of gas production lines what was confirmed by the commissioner of European Union Benity Ferrero-Valdner and also many separate commissioners of EU and national ministers of Energy during the visit to Azerbaijan. One of possible themes is the question of reanimation of Transcaucasian gas main first being sounded in the middle of the 90’s of the past century. The gas will be lined on the bottom of the Caspian Sea connecting the gas streams of Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan of east and western coasts of the Caspian Sea. It will deduce " blue fuel " from this region through Turkey directly to the European markets. According to calculations of experts, at the beginning throughput of this gas main can make up to 30 billion cubes of gas a year. The rough investment capacity of this project amounts to 4 billion USD. Capital formation will not be difficult for Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan, as they possess significant stock of oil and gas.

The USA also supports the project of transportation not only of Azerbaijan, but also of Kazakhstan oil roundabout of Russia through BTJ. On June 16th the presidents of Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan have signed the joint contract  “On support and assistance in transportation of oil from Kazakhstan through the Caspian Sea and territory of Azerbaijan on the world markets through Baku-Tbilisi-Jaihan” in Alma-Ata. Kazakhstan can already begin oil circulation from 2007. The subject of interest of the West is the question of Kazakhstan oil circulation oil roundabout Russia through BTJ is caused by the circumstance, that the four western stockholder companies of BTJ are interested and participate in development of Kazakhstan oilfields.   

All these projects serving for development of global power infrastructure are the positive phenomenon, but the tragedy is that they are carried out as a part of policy of the West as it tries to get rich sources of power resources for further strengthening of political and economic domination above other world. Georgia is the active associate of this policy. Unfortunately, in this “game” Russia acts not as the objective and consecutive opponent of the American “globalization” but only as the competitor who is unfairly superseded from the major region rich in energy resources. As a result Russian military bases are to be called off from Georgia on a background of preparation of the same bases under NATO, on a background of active military-political cooperation of Tbilisi with NATO and the USA is, on a background of conversations on accommodation of the American military experts for protection of BTJ. Only the region of Iran withstands against the policy of further distribution of influence of NATO and the USA in the discussed region. And at this question Iran looks more convincingly and stable than Russian Federation and, especially, then the other countries of the Caucasus and the Caspian Sea as they hesitate between the West and the Russian Federation. Iran resolutely opposes militarization of the Caspian Sea and accommodation here of armed forces of the third countries.

As the special representative of the State department of the USA on power diplomacy on the Caspian Sea Stephen Mann has declared, " Baku-Jeihan pipeline of is the part of Georges Bush’s power policy ". Replacement of the Russian Federation from the region of Southern Caucasus with the subsequent fastening here NATO is the military-political party of “The project of a century”. Telling about protection of BTJ the same Mann said, it had been solved from the very beginning, that safety of the pipeline would be provided by Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey (each on its territory). At the same time, the USA renders these countries the technical help for good safety of the pipeline. And the Special representative of the secretary general of NATO for Southern Caucasus and the Central Asia Robert Simmons goes further, declaring that “the Organization (NATO) will continue henceforth carrying out of trainings and seminars on protection of the pipeline, will prevent possible terrorist and provocative attempts”. The meaning and idea of these words were repeatedly confirmed by the world practice.

“NATO will not play any role in the safety of Baku-Tbilisi-Jeihan (BTJ) pipeline, however NATO is actively interested in maintenance of stability and safety in the region”, - declares the Secretary General of NATO Jaap De Hoop Skeffer hypocritically, answering the question of the correspondent of one of news agencies on, whether the Alliance is going to provide safety of BTJ pipeline. As he said, “stability and safety in the region is a very important factor, including maintenance of safe functioning of pipelines”. “From this point NATO will not play an active role in a safety of the pipeline”. We need to add, that NATO successfully promotes the USA, in playing a hardly covered role in internal political processes of Georgia for establishment of a proNATO, puppet mode.

We do not have any doubt that the problem of power resources of the Caspian Sea and Caucasus as a whole is closely connected with interethnic conflicts of the Caucasus. Moreover, the competition around the power resources is one of the main things causing conflicts. And “the subject of interests of NATO is maintenance of stability and safety in the region” where “the operated chaos” under the western script is purposely created. Unfortunately, Russia as a unique superstate of the region capable really to compete with NATO and the USA is compelled to give the initiative and to operate in a mode a post factum. The “Lessons” of the American military experts, “ trainings and Seminars” of NATO instructors given to the Georgian military personnel causes the destabilization of situation in zones of Georgia-Abkhazia and Georgia -Ossetia conflicts. During rather short collisions only the Georgian party has lost from above 60 persons. There are no doubts that the basic role in destabilization of the situation is intended to those Georgian military parts, which are prepared by Americans.

The most powerful financial and industrial advanced post is created in our region within the limits of aggressive power policy of the West and participation of the largest western transnational corporations. This advanced post is one of the major strongholds of “ The new world order”, proclaimed by modern imperialists. Only overcoming of the opposition and all the efforts of peoples of the Caucasus and the Caspian Sea, only association of all progressive forces of these regions can prevent “Globalists” to seize the resources of the Caspian Sea and to subordinate interests of our people to their private interests. And communist parties have to tell the powerful word for the sake of such association.

The Central Committee of Unified Communist Party of Georgia.

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